In order to do this, you can use the grammar structure named indirect or reported speech. In order to do this you can use the grammar structure named direct or quoted speech, or indirect or reported speech. The difference between direct and indirect speech are discussed as under. Follow all the rules which we learned for changing the direct to indirect speech in reverse for changing indirect to direct speech. We put quotation marks around their words and add a speech tag such as he said or she asked before or after the quote. Direct and indirect speech rules examples narration edudose. Please contact me if you have any questions or comments. Rule for the change of pronouns pronouns of the third person in the reported speech remain unchanged in indirect speech. If the reporting verb or first sentence of direct speech is either present tense or future tense, no change will be made in the reported speech for. When the reporting verb is in a present or future tense, we do not change the tense of the verb inside the quotation marks. Direct and indirect speeches are not the favorite topic for many of us. When a person tells us something, he or she uses the first person i, me, my, we, us, our to talk about himself or herself and the second person you, your to talk about us, the person listening. If these verbs are in the past tense, we change the following.
May 29, 2015 direct indirect speech grammar, direct and indirect speech lecture, direct indirect speech narration our website is one of the leading portal on entrance exams and. In indirect speech we do not use the inverted commas. Direct speech refers to the literal repetition of the words spoken by someone, using a quotative frame. An obvious difference is that with indirect speech, you wont use inverted commas. Direct and indirect speech exercise english grammar. Examples direct speech indirect speech he said to me, please help. Direct and indirect speech rules and examples english summary. Rules for changing direct speech to indirect speech. Page 1 direct and indirect speech rules pdf table of contents identify reported speech and reported speech direct and indirect speech punctuation rules use of conjunction that rules for changing pronouns in indirect speech indirect speech rules for all tenses rules for change in time and adverb in indirect speech. Difference between direct and indirect speech with rules. Reported speech rules for changing direct speech into. Direct speech indirect speech direct speech indirect speech alex said, it is good time now to see him alex said that it was good time then to see him. If the reporting verb is in the present or future tense, the tense of the verb in the reported speech is not changed at all.
Direct speech also called quoted speech is said exactly how the speaker initially spoke the words. A change is made in tense of reported speech for changing a direct speech into indirect speech. This printable worksheet helps practice conversion of reported speech into direct speech. Direct and indirect speech rules and examples english. Direct and indirect speech basic rules indirect speech for question sentence indirect speech for modals i. Indirect speech also called reported speech is reported back not using the exact words as the original speaker. Changing time and place references time and place can often change when going from direct to indirect speech. When we report something in our own words, we use indirect speech. It will be further noticed that in changing the above direct speech into indirect speech, certain changes have been made.
Direct and indirect speech direct and indirect speech rules. Indirect speech, also known as reported speech, is when words or phrases are reported in our own words. For example, adverbials of time such as tomorrow could be changed to the. Indirect speech will still share the same information but instead of expressing someones comments or speech by directly repeating them, it involves reporting or describing what was said. A simplified guide for kids with charts, tables, info graphs, and video lessons to learn direct and indirect speech quickly. It will be noticed that in direct speech, we use inverted commas to mark off the exact words of the speaker. This is because when we use reported speech, we are usually talking about a time in the past because. We often convey a message or give information about what someone said, thought or felt to somebody else. A pronoun of the first person i, my, me, our, we in direct speech is changed in the indirect to the same person as the subject of the introductory verb, e. In this chapter, we will learn all about direct and indirect speech and how to convert one into another. The conversion of indirect to direct speech generally presents no special difficulties.
The original words are modified andor interpreted as opposed to being quoted. General rules for changing direct speech into indirect speech. Time expressions with reported speech sometimes when we change direct speech into reported speech we have to change time expressions too. Introduction to direct speech and indirect speech youtube. Here the exact words of the speaker have been put within quotation marks. Two important types of narration direct and indirect speech with definition, rules, examples, and exercise for class 6,7,8,9,10. If you want to download direct and indirect speech rules in pdf, you are at right place. If the reporting or principal verb is in the past tense. Indirect speech for optative sentences rules, examples. Use of conjunction that before the indirect statement except in case of imperative sentences and exclamatory sentences e. Complete direct and indirect speech rules with examples for tenses, with pronouns, modals assertive, imperative, optative, exclamatory, and question sentences.
Direct speech the words within the quotation marks talk of a universal truth or habitual action. Do not change tense of reported speech in indirect speech sentence. Interrogative clauses difficulties in reported speech direct and indirect interrogative forms. Direct speech is a report of the exact words used by a speaker or writer. We use reporting verbs like say, tell, ask, and we may use the word that to introduce the reported words.
When the main idea of a speakers words is reported by another person and the exact. Reported speech is also known as indirect speech and is used to tell somebody else what another person said. Modal verbs are changed in indirect speech like, can into could, may into might, must into had to. Edit change in modal verbs here are some indirect speech rules for modal verbs. Direct and indirect speech in englishspeaking childrens retold. The direct speech estilo directo and reported speech estilo indirecto are the two different ways to transmit what someone else has said. Feb 10, 2018 my dear friends, in this video i am explaining narration rules to change interrogative and imperative sentences direct speech to indirect speech. We have compiled complete information about direct and indirect speech in english grammar along with the practice questionsexercises and answers in pdf format for free download. Rules of direct and indirect speech pdf reported speech definition rules and examples, learn english grammar with easy and simple method, some important english grammar and. Rules, parts, examples and exercises of direct and indirect speech have been given in both hindi and english for better understanding.
Reported speech or indirect speech free english grammar. You said, they are waiting for the bus indirect speech. Direct and indirect speech can be a source of confusion for english learners. Understanding context of sentence is very necessary in order to change in indirect narration or speech. Also one cannot ignore the importance of direct and indirect speech in spoken or writing english language. Register for free at deltastep is a social initiative by graduates of. Being an english language learner, its mandatory for you to study and understand reported speech rules to learn direct and indirect speech. We have seen that when the reporting verb is in the past tense, all present tenses inside the quotation marks will change into their corresponding past tenses in indirect speech. If the past form of modal verbs would, could, might, and should is used in the direct speech, we do not change them in the indirect speech. Direct speech i am in my house now indirect speech he was in his house then conversion to indirect speech following are some golden rules and easy steps to convert direct indirect speech.
When the main idea of a speakers words is reported by another person and the exact words are not quoted, it is called indirect speech or reported speech. In year 6, children may be encouraged to use indirect speech when writing a biography or practising further journalistic writing. Tenses of the verbs from the present forms to the past forms. Simple past silva said, i went to school yesterday. While changing direct speech into indirect speech the rules of sequence of tenses are follows. Direct and indirect exercises with answers we often convey a message or give information about what someone said, thought, or felt to somebody else. Using reported speech in english can sometimes be difficult for nonnative speakers as we usually change the verbs, pronouns and specific times. Rules for changing direct speech into reported speech statements a if the reporting verb is in any of the present tense or future tense forms, the only change in the quoted will be the changes to the appropriate forms of pronouns related to their corresponding speaker and the listener and by using that as the connective. Past continuous edward said that he was watching the news. On the other hand, indirect speech is one that reports something said or written by another person, without making the use of exact words. When the actual words of the speaker are reproduced, it is called direct speech. The boy told the girl that he had told her that they were not going on a holiday. Suppose your friend whose name is john tells you in school, i will give you a pen.
Direct and indirect speech complete general english grammar material pdf free download for competitive exams with practice questions exercise and answers. When we change direct to indirect speech, we usually change the tense of the verbs from the present forms to the past forms. It is because direct and indirect speech rules are not easy to learn. Verb tenses usually shift back a tense into the past word order often needs to change. Direct and indirect speech rules examples narration. Rules for change in pronoun in indirect speech studyandexam. His friends told me that they would go home the following sunday his friends said. We reproduce the message as we have heard it, in quotes and after a colon. Direct and indirect online pdf exercises grammar rules with. In case 2, the witness is reporting what the speaker has said matter and it is known as indirect speech. If the direct speech has a pronoun, its person is changed, when necessary, to refer in the indirect to the same individual as it does in the direct. Type 3 dialogue narration direct and indirect speech type 3 dialogue type 3 dialogue dialogue based. Reported speech exercise 1 perfect english grammar.
To change such sentences into indirect speech, the word ordered or. The most common reporting verb is dire to say, tell but there are many others. Reporting questions we make changes in time, places, determiners, etc when reporting the direct speech. Keep reading to understand how to use reported speech and download this free.
Direct and indirect speech exercise english practice. Annie said, i would hate to miss the puppet show tonight. When changing from direct to indirect speech, you need to change the grammar in certain ways. If the reporting verb or first sentence of direct speech is either present tense or future tense, no change will be made in the reported speech for making indirect speech. It depends on when we heard the direct speech and when we say the reported speech. Indirect speech is a means of expressing the content of statements, questions or other utterances, without quoting them explicitly as is done in direct speech. Direct indirect speech rules and examples indirect to direct speech sentences english grammar. Pronoun changes in indirect speech in reported or indirect speech we must also pay attention to the use of pronouns. Indirect speech indirectreported speech, on the other hand, does not have to be within quotes or reported wordtoword. Indirect speech for imperative and exclamatory sentences change in pronoun in indirect speech change in time and adverb in indirect speech. Accurately punctuate direct and indirect speech know when and how to change pronouns and verb tenses in indirect speech.
Direct and reported speech are two different ways to say what someone else said in direct speech, we quote the exact words that a person said. When changing direct speech into indirect speech, changes have to be made to a sentence. Direct and indirect speech general english grammar. Direct and indirect exercises with answers quoted and. Learn how to use direct and indirect speech and tense changes when using reported speech in english with useful grammar rules and example sentences. As a rule the simple past tense in the direct speech becomes the past perfect tense in indirect speech. Whenever you are quoting someone elses words, you use two kinds of speeches direct or indirect speech. Present tenses in the direct speech are changed into past tense. If the reporting verb is in past tense, we make changes to the reported verb as per the below rule. Understand the difference between direct and indirect speech. Reported speech is often also called indirect speech. Direct and indirect speech rules and examples youtube. Various examples of conversion of direct speech into indirect speech have been given.
When the reporting verb is in the present tense, adverbs of time and place do not normally change in indirect speech. Rules for converting direct speech to indirect speech. For example, he said im coming is direct speech, whereas he said that he was coming is indirect speech. Indeed this structure can be a source of confusion for esl learners because they mix it with active and passive voice. Dec 23, 2019 common rules for changing direct speech to indirect speech the words like, this, these, tomorrow, yesterday change to that, those, the next day, the previous day respectively. In the english language, there are two ways of conveying what someone else has said.
To convert a direct speech into indirect speech, the pronoun subject or object a sentence is changed. Lets study how to change optative sentences from direct speech into indirect speech. Direct and indirect speech complete guide with examples. Indirect speech requires a reporting verb to take the place of the quotation marks used in direct speech. This page will help you to understand basics of direct indirect speech with easy understanding. Lets first define the terms, then look at how to talk about what someone said, and how to convert speech from direct to indirect or viceversa.
Rule for the change of pronouns pronouns of the second person in the reported speech are changed in indirect to the same person as the noun or pronoun coming after the reporting verb. Reported or indirect speech is usually used to talk about the past, so we normally change the tense of the words spoken. He said that they had earned a lot the previous month. It is often omitted incase of verbs such as says, think, agree, promise, mention, notice etc. In order for children to fully master the directindirectspeech chapter, they ought to practice rewriting direct speech as indirect speech as well, which is what they do in this pdf worksheet. She told her mother that she was going to the market she said. In fact, we make this into reported speech in the same way as a request. Directquoted speech, involves quoting the exact words uttered by the person, within inverted commas or quotation marks.1449 880 397 1143 345 962 900 1266 588 104 1254 568 1206 452 671 1147 1480 755 791 182 541 1479 246 1247 1075 1175 488 14 847 1438 862 664 163 1010 631